Gum disease is more common than many people realise. In fact, most adults have some degree of gum disease, so if your gums bleed every time you brush your teeth, you are not alone. However, just because it’s common, you shouldn’t brush off gum disease as “trivial”. It most certainly isn’t trivial, and if left untreated, theinfection will spread, your teeth will eventually fall out, and you could even have a heart attack.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque in the mouth. Plaque is that sticky stuff that collects around teeth and along the gum line. If left alone, plaque hardens and becomes tartar, which is the stuff your dentist scrapes away when you go for a check-up. A regular dental check-up, along with excellent oral hygiene, will prevent tartar from building up. If tartar does accumulate, it causes irritation as bacteria fester. Eventually, a high level of inflammation leads to bone deterioration and loose teeth.
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. This is when your gums bleed when you brush your teeth. If the problem is not addressed it becomes periodontitis and your gums will become further inflamed and sore. Pockets will open up, allowing bacteria to penetrate. With a high level of bacteria in your mouth, you may have bad breath, repeated infection, and not feel too great.
Good Oral Hygiene
Good oral hygiene is the first step to controlling gum disease. Ideally, you should brush and floss your teeth every day. It’s best to use an electric toothbrush, as it brushes the gums more effectively. Use floss to clean plaque from between your teeth. You may also find interdental brushes useful if you have uneven teeth or you can’t reach a few awkward areas.
Rinse your mouth with a good quality antiseptic mouthwash each day. This will kill any bacteria in your mouth and help freshen your breath.
Book Regular Dental Check-Ups
Always make an appointment to see your dentist at least twice a year. Dentists can spot problems before they develop into full-blown gum disease. Dentists can also treat gum disease if it has become a problem. Your dentist has the tools to scrape away tartar and open up the pockets along your gum line to flush out lurking bacteria. It sounds unpleasant, but you won’t feel a thing if youhave a local anaesthetic to numb your mouth.
Straight teeth are the easiest to keep clean. Unfortunately, we don’t all have Hollywood smiles. If you have a problem keeping your teeth clean and fresh, make an appointment at the Perfect Smile Spa. There are a great number of orthodontic procedures these days, which can give you a perfect smile with the minimum of fuss. Most adults don’t want to wear unsightly braces, but with clear aligners, you don’t have to worry.
Don’t ignore bleeding gums and pain. Gum disease will not go away on its own, so cut out sugar and start taking care of your teeth. That way, you should be able to hang on to them for a few more years.